Angular Cheilitis is a chronic condition that causes intense embarrassment, discomfort, pain, and suffering to the affected individual. It is medically defined as a fissuring and swelling from the angles of the mouth. Knowing what causes angular cheilitis can often be the key to finding a cure.
This condition is often associated with bacterial infection or fungal infection, Staphylococcal and Candida respectively. Persons with this condition are also known to suffer from thrush or oral candidiasis. The appearance of these sores and ulcerations must not be confused with cold sores or herpes, which are caused by an entirely different thing, which is the herpes simplex virus. Unlike herpes, angular cheilitis or stomatitis mouth is not contagious.
What Causes Angular Cheilitis can then further be explained by knowing the circumstances, health factors, and risks faced by the people with this kind of condition. The main cause of angular cheilitis is the bacterial or fungal growth centered on the accumulation of saliva on the sides of the lips or mouth. Moisture naturally attracts the growth of bacteria or fungus. The lines and folds of the mouth then becomes a breeding ground for these nasty organisms. Other factors that are known to cause or lead to angular cheilitis are as follows;
What Causes Angular Cheilitis?
Iron, Folate and Vitamin B 12 Deficiency
A person who is not consuming enough Iron and Vitamin B 12 is most likely to catch stomatitis because these two are essential for body functions. They help in the maintenance and production of cells, DNA, and RNA. One must then include Iron-rich foods and good sources of Vitamin B 12 in his or her diet in order to help the body fight the condition.
Using dentures that are either too loose or too tight will certainly create friction and saliva build-up. This then will be the start of bacteria or fungus inhabiting the mouth or lips due to the constant exposure to moisture from the saliva. Dentures may house bacteria and fungus.
Extreme Weather Exposure
The prolonged exposure to the elements like the sun and wind can cause the lips to dry and crack. This then will pave the way for infection because of the constant breaking of skin and irritation of the mouth area.
Allergy and Reaction to Medication
Although rarely reported, an allergic reaction to a topical ointment or medication can cause for sores and ulcerations to erupt. People with pre-existing allergies are more prone to skin infection.
Poor Hygiene and Use of Harmful Chemicals
Poor hygiene means a dirty environment that will be a breeding ground for bacteria or fungus. The use of expired cosmetics or harsh chemicals can be bad for the sensitive skin around the mouth.
Surprisingly, angular cheilitis can be more common during old age. It may occur in all ages but older people are seen as more prone due to the sagging of their skin in the mouth corners.
Knowing what causes angular cheilitis can definitely help the patient in seeking the proper treatment to be used. The signs and symptoms are redness, fissures and cracking, ulceration, tenderness and softness of affected area, and drainage of pus in severe cases.
You can consider trying to cure angular cheilitis using natural treatments which can be very effective and free from side effects.